The 21st century will be an urban century with more people around the world residing in metropolitan regions than in any other form of human settlement. This urbanization is taking place in both the global North and the global South. Its implications are widespread: from environmental challenges to entrenched patterns of segregation to new configurations of politics and social movements. The Global Metropolitan Studies Initiative is concerned with this urban condition. Bringing together numerous faculty, this multidisciplinary endeavor supports research and houses graduate and undergraduate curricula. It is one of a handful of "strategic" initiatives selected by the UC Berkeley campus to mark a new generation of scholarship and to consolidate an emerging academic field.
Southern California and the Bay Area underwent a process of economic convergence in the first two thirds of the 20th century. Southern California caught up to the Bay Area in terms of real regional per capita income, while adding many more people than its northern neighbor. But with the advent of the New Economy, the Bay Area surged ahead of Southern California, generating a one-third gap in their per capita income levels by the early 21st century. This difference is descriptively due to the flourishing of the tech economy in the Bay Area. But the outcome was not foregone. Southern California had more and better technological resources than the Bay Area in the 1970s, and even well into the 1980s in certain respects. The Bay Area and Southern California, moreover, are representative of a wider phenomenon, a new Great Divergence among metropolitan regions within and between countries. Analyzing this case of just two regions, but in great detail, gives us keys about the causal process that underlie divergent economic development of metropolitan regions.
Michael Storper's research and teaching interests cover a variety of closely related topics related to economic geography and development. Specifically, he examines the forces that affect the ways an economy organizes itself in geographical space. His work spans the areas of globalization, technology, city-regions, and economic development. The latest of his many books is Keys to the City, which outlines his current five-year research project on the divergent economic development of the Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay Area economies.
Among many honors, he was elected to the British Academy in 2012, and also received the Regional Studies Association's award for overall achievement, the Sir Peter Hall Award, in the House of Commons in 2012.
Presentation by Camilo Vergara. Vergara has been compared to Jacob Riis for his photographic documentation of American slums and decaying urban environments
All current GMS affiliates, students and those interested in metropolitan studies are welcome. Open hous will host a discussions of Designated Emphasis, new student and faculty projects and research opportunities.
The Healthy Cities movement began more than 25 years ago, and UC Berkeley played an important role in its development. Dr. Hancock will describe the history and evolution of the concept, discuss the current state of the WHO Healthy Cities initiatives and the challenges of 21st century equity, sustainability and healthy urban governance.
Dr. Hancock is a public health physician and health promotion consultant and is currently a Professor and Senior Scholar at the new School of Public Health and Social Policy at the University of Victoria. The main focus of his work has been in the area of healthy cities and communities and he is one of the founders of the global Healthy Cities and Communities movement. Dr. Hancock will describe the history and evolution of the concept, discuss the current state of the WHO Healthy Cities initiatives and the challenges of 21st century equity, sustainability and healthy urban governance. Sponsored by Global Metropolitan Studies and the Center for Global Healthy Cities.
This is part of a project funded by a GMS faculty seed grant to Joan Walker, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
There is increasing empirical evidence for the existence of “positive mass effects”, whereby increased use of a transport system by the ‘mass’ will generally increase its attractiveness for additional travellers. This positive effect might be due to land-use and transport impacts, economies of scale or other less considered aspects such as norming effects and (slow) information spread. This presentation discusses some examples for this such as uptake of a newly introduced transportation system and with it modelling approaches. It is argued that especially in an interconnected globalised world complex long-term effects of transport policy cannot be ignored. The talk is given within the context of an on-going project on “drivers of auto-ownership” across the world. Some initial evidence for positive mass effects in the form of “peer effects” on vehicle purchase decisions among young people in the US as well as some Asian and European countries is discussed.
Jan-Dirk Schmöcker is an Associate Professor within the School of Global Engineering and the Department of Urban Management at Kyoto University. He initially studied at the Technical University Berlin and then graduated from the University of Newcastle in 2000. He joined Imperial College London in 2002 where he worked on several projects including metro benchmarking as well as adequate transport provision for older people. In June 2004 the university awarded him funding for the completion of his PhD which has the title “Dynamic capacity-constrained transit assignment”. In 2007 Jan-Dirk left Imperial College London, taking up a visiting position at Tokyo Institute of Technology before moving to Kyoto in 2010. Jan-Dirk’s current research interests focus on long-term demand adaptation to transport infrastructure investments. A main research focus remains further passenger behaviour and public transport assignment.
The paper explores ideas of physical and visual intertextuality and their importance in the construction of political agency during street protests in particular. I examine the
symbolic and aesthetic experiential politics of dances, parades and demonstrations in Bolivia, suggesting that similarities between these practices constitute a kind of citation, which enables each to partake of the symbolic power and resonance of the others. I then move to investigate the work that visual (and possibly auditory) intertextuality does in Argentine demonstrations.
Sian Lazar’s research focuses on collective politics in two quite different contexts: El Alto, an indigenous and mixed-ethnicity city in the Bolivian Andes, and Buenos Aires, Argentina. She is the author of El Alto, Rebel City: Self and Citizenship in Andean Bolivia, published by Duke University Press in 2008, and editor of the forthcoming Anthropology of Citizenship: A Reader, to be published by Wiley-Blackwell in October
2013. In Buenos Aires, she works with activists in public sector trade unions, paying particular attention to the relationship between individual workers, trade unions and the state, and examining the implications of that relationship for people’s political subjectivities and agency – their citizenship. She has published several journal articles on these themes, exploring similarities and differences between her two fieldsites, and is currently preparing a monograph specifically focused on the Argentine material.
(Image from El Alto, Rebel City: Self and Citizenship in Andean Bolivia, published by Duke University Press).
Violent urban schools loom large in our culture: for decades they have served as the centerpieces of political campaigns and as window dressing for brutal television shows and movies. Yet unequal access to quality schools remains the single greatest failing of our society—and one of the most hotly debated issues of our time. When Bowen Paulle speaks of toxicity, he speaks of educational worlds dominated by intimidation and anxiety, by ambivalence, degradation, and shame. Based on six years of teaching and research in the South Bronx and in Southeast Amsterdam, Toxic Schools is the first fully participatory ethnographic study of its kind and a searing examination of daily life in two radically different settings. What these schools have in common, however, are not the predictable ideas about race and educational achievement but the tragically similar habituated stress responses of students forced to endure the experience of constant vulnerability. From both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, Paulle paints an intimate portrait of how students and teachers actually cope, in real time, with the chronic stress, peer group dynamics, and subtle power politics of urban educational spaces in the perpetual shadow of aggression.
Philippe Bourgois author of In Search of Respect: Selling Crack in EL Barrio, described Toxic Schools:
“A bare-knuckled, gut-wrenching, and frankly heart-breaking intimate portrayal from an insider teacher-ethnographer who worked for years on the front lines of the violent mayhem of poor urban schools in both the United States and Holland. Like most of his colleagues, Bowen Paulle fails to teach his out-of-control classes, but he dares explain why and how and propose solutions. He opens up the black box of the structurally imposed failure of public education for the urban poor on both sides of the Atlantic, revealing its micro-interactional processes.”
PI: Jason Corburn Associate Professor, Department of City and Regional Planning and School of Public Health
Featured on NPR July 17, 2013
In Kenya, Using Tech To Put An 'Invisible' Slum On The Map
Global Metropolitan Studies has been authorized to fill five new faculty positions to build a permanent educational enterprise. Three new faculty members have been hired to date; two additional positions will be filled in coming years.
- Jason Corburn, School of Public Health and Department of City & Regional Planning
- James Holston, Department of Anthropology
- Joan Walker, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
- Alison Post, Department of Political Science.
Global Metropolitan Studies has more than70 faculty affiliates on campus. Core faculty come from the founding Departments of City and Regional Planning, Geography, Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning, Political Science, Sociology, and Civil and Environmental Engineering. Additional faculty affiliates are from Anthropology, Architecture, the Energy and Resources Group, Environmental Science Policy and Management, History, Public Health, and Public Policy.
Faculty members with an interest in metropolitan studies are invited to participate in the initiative’s activities.
Global Metropolitan Studies offers a Designated Emphasis for doctoral students, to supplement their disciplinary degrees. The DE has two tracks, Comparative Urban Studies and Infrastructure & Environment, and includes two core courses and dozens of electives in all the disciplines represented by GMS faculty.
The research functions of the GMS initiative are located in the Global Metropolitan Studies Center, which is part of the Institute of Urban and Regional Development in the School of Environmental Design. The Global Metropolitan Studies Center serves as a conduit for faculty research grants, offers space for visiting scholars, and hosts lectures, symposia, and conferences.